Material list

Lead scientists of the Agropolis community, in close connection with teachers and professionals in pedagogical sciences, are developing innovative teaching elements, using a variety of approaches,

The pedagogical materials (bricks and modules) offered within the CultiVar initiative represent a broad diversity of topics. The materials are incorporated within Master-level curricula of Montpellier, at Montpellier SupAgro school and Montpellier University, or will be integral part of PhD-level doctoral modules within doctoral school Gaïa. In the near future, a number of materials will be further deployed in our partner network abroad.

  • PAMPA : Plant anatomical phenotyping

    One of the microscopes used by students during module PAMPA. © C. Baptiste
    This training module allows students to get better awareness of the importance of anatomical traits for plant improvement and acquire new methodological skills They discover and implement the method developped by the researchers of AGAP unit for high-speed anatomical phenotyping of a plant of agronomic interest.
  • Genome editing in agriculture: engaging in policy, legal and institutional issues

    Genome editing tools allow direct modification of plant genomes more quickly, cheaply and accurately than ever before. It is a technological revolution with long term implications. The tools are changing the practices of using and exchanging biological material in plant science including the way plant breeding is conducted. The emergence of such a technology raises a series of social, institutional, legal and policy issues.
  • Breeding of tropical and Mediterranean crops: a diversity of contexts and strategies

    Plant case studies of the module
    Modern agriculture is challenged by global/societal issues (match between demographic projections and agriculture performance, human development, climate change, agro-ecology, agrobiodiversity and genetic resources, etc…). In this context, breeding superior cultivars (cultivated varieties) may offer simple and affordable solutions for farmers/producers and end-users to tackle these issues. At the same time the activity of plant breeding have evolved from traditional empirical approaches to more elaborated strategies (using molecular markers and comprehensive genomic records, precise phenotyping and model-based ideotype definition).
  • Epigenome and plant improvement

    Oil palm fruits : types 'normal' (left) and variant 'mantled' (right) © Alain Rival/Cirad
    Intra-species diversity, seen as the only variation in the DNA sequence, has long been considered to be the driving force behind the functioning of individuals or populations. However, differences within the species, and thus potentially functional biodiversity, can also be created by epigenetic variation. It is therefore important to quantify epigenetic natural diversity by testing its phenotypic consequences
  • Plants and Men, a shared history

    Cassava ©Dufour
    Men and plants have always interacted. The improvement of plants is therefore part of history. In order to understand the continuous process of domestication, selection and exchange of plants, it is important to take into account not only the physical and climatic environment but also the social and cultural environment.
  • Comparative omics of tropical crops

    Comparative omics of tropical crops
    NGS technologies led to an impressive production of omics data for tropical crops such as rice, sorghum, sugarcane, banana, palms, cocoa, citrus, coffee, cotton. This allows conducting comparative omics studies at an unprecedented scale, and also helps tackling challenging issues such as the sequencing and analysis of complex genomes.
  • Breeding for better root systems: a new strategy to improve water and nutrient use efficiency

    Cereal root systems ©Ird
    The Green Revolution has been based on the massive use of inputs and the selection of crops that respond positively to these conditions. However, the economic and environmental cost of inputs and their limited availability has led to change of paradigm. This module will illustrate how our increased understanding of root development and hydromineral nutrition and the development of root phenotyping techniques pave the way for the selection of improved root systems.
  • Breeding fruits and vegetables in the high throughput time

    Breeding fruits and vegetables in the high throughput era. Focused on a specific group of species it will offer a global view of the up to date genetic analyses of specific objectives but also an overview of genetic resources, their organization, conservation and use.
  • Designing new crops for the future

    Growing rice in unfavourable conditions is one of the main challenges for the future. © IRRI
    Worldwide evolutions of Agriculture (environmental and societal changes) raise issues on paradigm shift in plant breeding and plant protection. We propose students (at the M1 level) to imagine cultivated varieties for tomorrow, new plant protection strategies and their implementation within production chains. This teaching module lays foundation of plant sciences applied to agrosystems management and mobilizes MSc skills within an applied multidisciplinary context.
  • The 3000 rice genomes, an introduction to genetic diversity

    Rice Diversity
    Diversity is the foundation for plant breeding. The diversity of genome sequences is becoming massively accessible and will revolutionize biological research. Among crops, rice is the good choice for tackling the new challenges and opportunities thus opened.
  • Analysing and modelling phenotypes for challenging environments

    An apple tree simulated with MappleT model
    Plant breeding for challenging environments is a crucial challenge in the context of climate changes. Traits and alleles suited to fluctuating environments are complex (trait combination), difficult to define and differ depending on target cropping environments. Phenotyping facilities in field and controlled conditions allow addressing this challenge but still require considerable progress in methods. Combination of genetic and crop/ecophysiological modelling can help unlocking above difficulties and support the conception of suitable genotypes.

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